Thursday, August 18, 2011

Installing the Sun (Oracle) JDK on Ubuntu

Update: Due to changes by Oracle in licensing for the JDK all Java packages in the Ubuntu Partner archive to be removed on 2012-02-16. Bummer. It looks like you will have to manually download and install a TAR or RPM version of the JDK from the Oracle download site.

I've had to do this a lot lately, so it's worth writing a post to remind myself of the steps.

By default Ubuntu packages that depend on Java (JRE or JDK) usually depend on OpenJDK. OpenJDK seems 98% compatible with the Sun (now Oracle) JDK, but chances are you'll hit an edge case that works only on the Sun JDK.

So let's install the Sun JDK!

The following steps will work with Ubuntu 9.10 (Karmic Koala) or newer.

Install wget

I personally prefer wget over curl for the simple stuff.

sudo apt-get install -y wget

Install python-software-properties

The python-software-properties includes a handy command-line utility called add-apt-repository, which adds packages repositories to you apt sources.list file. Instead of using this utility you can hand edit /etc/apt/sources.list if you prefer.

sudo apt-get install -y python-software-properties

Add the 'Canonical partners' package repository to the package sources list

sudo add-apt-repository "deb $(lsb_release -s -c) partner"

or manually add the corresponding entry to your /etc/apt/sources.list file. e.g.

deb natty partner

Rebuild the package index

sudo apt-get update

Avoid the annoying prompt to accept the license

When you install the Sun JDK you will be prompted to read and accept a license. I personally like stuff to install without requiring manual interaction, so do the following to bypass the license prompt (of course we accept the license!):

echo sun-java6-jdk shared/accepted-sun-dlj-v1-1 select true | sudo /usr/bin/debconf-set-selections
echo sun-java6-jre shared/accepted-sun-dlj-v1-1 select true | sudo /usr/bin/debconf-set-selections

Install Sun JDK 6

sudo apt-get install -y sun-java6-jdk sun-java6-plugin

Update the Java system default to the Sun version

Ubuntu allows multiple JVMs to be installed at any one time. To switch the "default" to the Sun JVM do the following:

sudo update-java-alternatives -v -s java-6-sun

And that's it! Phew!

The future is OpenJDK

Oracle are currently saying the official JDK reference implementation from Java 7 onwards will be OpenJDK, so assuming OpenJDK gets fully functional then you won't have to go through all of the steps in this blog post!


Philip LaVoie said...

Good to see ya posting again! ;)

Robert Maldon said...

Nice to be posting again Phil. Two little kids take up 150% of my free time at the moment :)

Philips Huges said...

Its a wonderful post and very helpful, thanks for all this information. You are including better information regarding this topic in an effective way.Thank you so much

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